Yazed AlRuthia,1,2 Ibrahim Sales,1 Haya Almalag,1 Monira Alwhaibi,1,3 Latifa Almosabhi,1 Ahmed A Albassam,4 Fawaz Abdullah Alharbi,5 Adel Bashatah,6 Yousif Asiri1
1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 2Pharmacoeconomics Research Unit, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 3Medication Safety Research Chair, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia; 5Drug Information and Poison Centre, Alansar Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia; 6Department of Nursing Education and Administration, College of Nursing, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Correspondence: Yazed AlRuthia
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Tel +966 11 4677483
Fax +966 11 4677480
Background: Trust is pivotal for a productive relationship between patients and healthcare providers and is positively correlated with multiple clinical and humanistic outcomes. However, the impact of trust in healthcare providers on different domains of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among diabetic patients has not been studied in detail.
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the association between the physical, mental or psychological, social, and environmental domains of HRQoL with the patients’ trust in their primary care physicians while controlling for several sociodemographic and clinical factors. The study was conducted among a sample of diabetic patients.
Patients and Methods: This study had a prospective questionnaire-based, multi-center, cross-sectional design. The patients were recruited from three public hospitals in Saudi Arabia. Patients’ experiences and trust in their primary care physicians were assessed using the Health Care Relationship Trust (HCR-Trust) scale. HRQoL was assessed using the Arabic version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF). Multiple linear regression was conducted to assess the relationship between HCR-Trust and the WHOQOL-BREF physical, psychological, social, and environmental domains controlling for age, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score, health literacy, sex, education, annual income, nationality, and illness duration.
Results: Three hundred and sixty-four patients participated in the study. The scores in all four domains of WHOQOL-BREF were positively associated with HCR-Trust scores of the diabetic patients. Additionally, the scores in the physical (β = − 10.26; 95% CI: − 13.77 to − 6.74; P < 0.0001) and psychological (β = − 3.91; 95% CI: − 7.44 to − 0.38; P < 0.0001) domains were negatively associated with female gender. Furthermore, the physical domain score was negatively associated with the duration of illness (β = − 0.26; 95% CI: − 0.506 to − 0.02; P = 0.032). The environmental domain score was positively associated with annual income (β = 2.31; 95% CI: 1.05 to 3.56; P = 0.030). Other patient characteristics, such as age and education, were not associated with the scores of any of the WHOQOL-BREF domains.
Conclusion: Patient trust in healthcare providers is positively associated with different domains of HRQoL. Therefore, building and maintaining trust with patients is important to achieve favorable treatment outcomes.
Keywords: trust, health-related quality of life, diabetes
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